Latin letters served as the basis for the forms of the Cherokee syllabary developed by Sequoyah; however, the sound values are completely different. With the spread of Western Christianity during the Middle Ages, the script was gradually adopted by the peoples of northern Europe who spoke Celtic languages (displacing the Ogham alphabet) or Germanic languages (displacing earlier Runic alphabets), Baltic languages, as well as by the speakers of several Uralic languages, most notably Hungarian, Finnish and Estonian. V, Q was used, and C was used elsewhere. After the Soviet collapse, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan all switched from Cyrillic to Latin. Under Portuguese missionary influence, a Latin alphabet was devised for the Vietnamese language, which had previously used Chinese characters. Several Latin-script alphabets exist, which differ in graphemes, collation and phonetic values from the classical Latin alphabet. Afrikaans, Albanian, Dutch, Emiliano-Romagnolo, French, Hän, Hiw, Italian, Kaqchikel, Kashubian, Low Saxon, Luxembourgian, Norwegian, Old High German, Old Lithuanian, Ripuarian German, Seneca, Swedish, Syriac transliteration, Taiwanese Hokkien, Uighur, Vurës, Welsh, Yapese; cf. A more formal style of writing was based on Roman square capitals, but cursive was used for quicker, informal writing. Early deviations from the classical forms were the uncial script, a development of the Old Roman cursive, and various so-called minuscule scripts that developed from New Roman cursive, of which the insular script developed by Irish literati & derivations of this, such as Carolingian minuscule were the most influential, introducing the lower case forms of the letters, as well as other writing conventions that have since become standard. An overview of the distribution of Latin-script letters in Unicode is given in Latin script in Unicode. Latin script, also known as Roman script, is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet. The Latin script is the basis of the International Phonetic Alphabet and the 26 most widespread letters are the letters contained in the ISO basic Latin alphabet. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'omniglot_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_3',147,'0','0'])); Eth, Thorn, Yogh and Wynn were used in Old English; In other cases, such as with ⟨ä⟩, ⟨ö⟩, ⟨ü⟩ in German, this is not done; letter-diacritic combinations being identified with their base letter. The Latin alphabet spread, along with Latin, from the Italian Peninsula to the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea with the expansion of the Roman Empire. of accented letters: These accented letters can have a number of different functions: How to type accented letters in Windows, Ol Chiki (Ol Cemet' / Santali), This was introduced to Latium by This script evolved into the medieval scripts known as Merovingian and Carolingian minuscule. Many languages supplement the basic Latin alphabet with a variety standard 26 letters, some use fewer, and others use more. They Latin script, also known as Roman script, is a set of graphic signs based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet. Some West, Central and Southern African languages use a few additional letters that have a similar sound value to their equivalents in the IPA. by Heinrich Dressel, a German archaeologist, in 1880. The same applies to digraphs and trigraphs. The Azerbaijani language also has ⟨Ə ə⟩, which represents the near-open front unrounded vowel. Roman Cursive, Copyright © 1998–2020 Simon Ager | Email: | Hosted by Kualo, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duenos_inscription, http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/wells/dia/diacritics-revised.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_alphabet, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Latin_script, http://cs-exhibitions.uni-klu.ac.at/index.php?id=471, http://mysite.du.edu/~etuttle/classics/latalph.htm, http://guindo.pntic.mec.es/jmag0042/LATIN_PALEOGRAPHY.pdf, Székely-Hungarian Rovás (Hungarian Runes), http://guindo.pntic.mec.es/~jmag0042/alphabet.html, Bite Size Languages - learn languages quickly. p. 23, "Books: The Nutty Professors, The history of academic charisma", "The New Yorker's odd mark — the diaeresis", Kazakh language to be converted to Latin alphabet – MCS RK, List of typographical symbols and punctuation marks, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Latin_alphabet&oldid=982639784, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles needing additional references from July 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 11:56. The Classical Latin alphabet developed by the 3rd century BC. For each of the 26 basic ISO Latin alphabet letters, the number of alphabets in the list above using it is as follows: Some languages have extended the Latin alphabet with ligatures, modified letters, or digraphs. Old English, for example, was rarely written with even proper nouns capitalized, whereas Modern English writers and printers of the 17th and 18th century frequently capitalized most and sometimes all nouns, which is still systematically done in Modern German, e.g. Through European colonization the Latin script has spread to the Americas, Oceania, parts of Asia, Africa, and the Pacific, in forms based on the Spanish, Portuguese, English, French, German and Dutch alphabets. J was introduced into English for the consonant in the 17th century (it had been rare as a vowel), but it was not universally considered a distinct letter in the alphabetic order until the 19th century. Gaius Julius Hyginus (64BC - 17AD). South Picene, Pollard script, Alphabet Dating Roman Alphabet Roman Letters Alphabet Symbols Greek Alphabet Alphabet For Kids Ancient Alphabets Ancient Scripts Alphabet The Latin script is the basis of the International Phonetic Alphabet and the 26 most widespread letters are the letters contained in the ISO basic  Unicode uses the term "Latin" as does the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).. The Latin alphabet spread, along with the Latin language, from the Italian Peninsula to the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea with the expansion of the Roman Empire. African languages Anii, Anyin, Foodo, Kabiyé, Konni, Lukpa, Tem, Yom cf. Pau Cin Hau, alphabet during the 7th century BC. to the alphabet to distinguish these sounds. Irish traditionally does not write the dot, or tittle, over the small letter i, but the language makes no distinction here if a dot is displayed, so no specific encoding and special case conversion rule is needed like for Turkic alphabets. Withdrawn 1970 as articulation judged impossible. Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Shughni, Arabic transliteration, Sanskrit and Pali transliteration, Syriac transliteration cf. Some examples of new letters to the standard Latin alphabet are the Runic letters wynn ⟨Ƿ ƿ⟩ and thorn ⟨Þ þ⟩, and the letter eth ⟨Ð/ð⟩, which were added to the alphabet of Old English. The government of Kazakhstan announced in 2015 that the Latin alphabet would replace Cyrillic as the writing system for the Kazakh language by 2025.. cf. All communication get through the use of symbols. BC to write Latin. http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/wells/dia/diacritics-revised.htm, Download charts for Latin alphabets (Excel), Latin alphabet | The tables below summarize and compare the letter inventory of some of the Latin-script alphabets.In this article, the scope of the word "alphabet" is broadened to include letters with tone marks, and other diacritics used to represent a wide range of orthographic traditions, without regard to whether or how they are sequenced in their alphabet or the table. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Latin_script Still, missing letters might occur … A digraph is a pair of letters used to write one sound or a combination of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters in sequence. Indicating where the stress should fall in a word, Indicating pitch or intonation of a word or syllable. Greek: obsolete and nonstandard symbol for Labialized, Partially devoiced alveolar fricative in UPA, A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986 to indicate its fifth tone, A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986 to indicate its sixth tone, A letter for glottal stop in Canadian aboriginal orthographies, IPA for, Glottal stop in some orthographies in Mexico and Nigeria, Letter representing glottal stop in the sinological tradition (this is not the same character as the, Archaic letter for the constructed language, Archaic letter for the constructed language Volapük, Aghem, Ahlon, Arammba, Awing, Baka, Bali (Adamawa), Bangolan, Basaa, Bekwarra, Berom, Bete-Bendi, Bribri, Burak, Busa (Mande), Cakfem-Mushere, Catalan, Dendi, Dii, Ditammari, Ebira, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Engenni, Etikwan, Ewe, Ewondo, French, Friulian, Galician, Gbari, Gokana, Hän, Hun-Saare, Hyam, Igede, Igbo, Italian, Izere, Izii, Jen, Jibu, Jukun Takum, Kako, Kaska, Kenyang, Kiowa, Kukele, Kwanja, Limbum, Lithuanian, Lokaa, Luba-Kasai, Mada, Mambila, Manenguba, Masai, Cross River Mbembe, Mbodomo, Medumba, Meta', Mumuye, Mundani, Mwaghavul, Nateni, Navajo, Ngangam, Ngbaka Minagende, Ngas, Ngiemboon, Ngomba, Ninzo, Norwegian, Ntcham, Ogba, Okpela, Pinyin transliteration, Portuguese, Reshe, Scottish Gaelic, Sekani, Sena, Swedish, Tagish, Tarok, Tee, Tigon, Tutchone, Tyap, Ut-Ma'in, Vietnamese, Waama, Welsh, Western Frisian, Yoruba, and Zurich German (some spellings); Pe̍h-oē-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System, Afrikaans, Aghem, Ahlon, Arammba, Awing, Bafia, Bafut, Baka, Bangolan, Basaa, Bekwarra, Berom, Bete-Bendi, Blackfoot, Boko (Benin), Boikin, Bribri, Burak, Busa (Mande), Cakfem-Mushere, Chipewyan, Czech, Danish, Dendi, Dii, Ditammari, Duala, Dutch, Ebira, Ekajuk, Etikwan, Ewe, Ewondo, Faroese, Galician, Gadsup, Gbari, Gourmanchéma, Gunu, Hungarian, Ibani, Icelandic, Idoma, Igbo, Ikwere, Iñapari, Irigwe, Irish, Jibu, Jola-Fonyi, Jukun Takum, Kako, Kamwe, Karkar-Yuri, Kaska, Kemezung, Kiowa, Kutep, Kwanja, Kwasio, Lakota, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lycian transliteration, Mambila, Mandi, Manenguba, Masai, Cross River Mbembe, Mbelime, Mbodomo, Medumba, Miyobe, Mmaala, Mwaghavul, Nateni, Navajo, Ngangam, Ngiemboon, Ngomba, Nomaande, Noni, Norwegian, Ntcham, Nukna, Nyang, Nzime, Occitan, Ogba, Omaha-Ponca, Osage, Pana, Pinyin transliteration, Pongu, Portuguese, Proto-Indo-European, Pu-Xian Min, Reshe, Romanian, Sámi, Scottish Gaelic, Sekani, Sena, Seneca, Slovak, Accented Slovenian, Southern Balochi, Sokoro, Spanish, Sranan Tongo, Sursurunga, Tee, Tem, Tigon, Tongan, Tsuvadi, Tucano, Tunen, Tutchone, Tyap, Vai, Vietnamese, Walser, Wára, Welsh, Winnebago, Yaghnobi, Yambeta, Yambasa, Yangben, Yele, Yoruba, and Yurutí,; Pe̍h-oē-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System, Awing, Bangolan, Berber, Dutch, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ewondo, French, Friulian, Frisian, Hän, Istro-Romanian, Jarai, Kako, Kaska, Kiowa, Kwanja, Accented Latvian, Lingala, Luxembourgian, Manenguba, Medumba, Mengleno-Romanian, Ngbaka Minagende, Ngiemboon, Norwegian, Nzime, Ogba, Old High German, Pana, Proto-Germanic, Portuguese, Pu-Xian Min, Romanian, Sámi, Tagish, Tigon, Turkish, Vietnamese, Walloon, Welsh, and Yoruba; Pe̍h-oē-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System, iSO 9, Apalai, Aromanian, Bariba, Boko, Bribri, Accented Czech, Gokana, Guaraní, Kashubian, Kaska, Accented Latvian, Lithuanian, Lycian transliteration, Ngbaka Minagende, Proto-Indo-European, Portuguese, Tee, Tucano, Turka, Vietnamese, !Xóõ, Yoruba, Yurutí, Old Norse, Boko, Bribri, Gokana, Ngbaka Minagende, Tee, Bangolan, Ewondo, Hawaiian, Igbo, Kaska, Kiowa, Latin, Latvian, Māori, Mbelime, Medumba, Middle High German, Nahuatl, Nyang, Ogba, Pinyin (both language and Chinese transliteration system), Proto-Germanic, Proto-Indo-European, Pu-Xian Min, Skolt Sámi, Samoan, Samogitian, Sanskrit Transliteration, Syriac Romanization System, Tagish, Tahitian, Tongan, Tutchone, Wuzlam; Pe̍h-oē-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System, Kaska, Latin, Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit Transliteration, Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit Transliteration, Latin, Middle High German, Proto-Indo-European. 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