Sand included details of her grandmother's parentage in her memoires. The second eldest son of Ernst I “the Pious” of Saxe-Gotha, Albrecht, received the Principality of Saxe-Coburg. His grasp was so powerful that he could bend a horseshoe with his hand, and even at the end of his life, his energy and endurance were scarcely affected by the illnesses his many excesses had caused. Invitation to move He is best known for his deeds in the War of the Austrian Succession and for his decisive victory at the Battle of Fontenoy especially. ", A common theme of the 18th century Age of Enlightenment was to emphasise scientific method and the idea every activity could be expressed in terms of a universal system. Barbara Maria Agata von Leesten (1608–1671), This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 17:02. Maurice was born at Goslar, an illegitimate son of Augustus II the Strong, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony, and the Countess Maria Aurora of Königsmarck. Duke Frederick William II died in 1669, followed three years later by his only son, Hereditary Prince Frederick William III, bringing the line of Saxe-Altenburg to extinction. This separation from his father made him independent and had an important effect on his future career.[1].

She was called Maria Aurora (in French: Marie Aurore) after her grandmother. The House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha as a British dynasty was short-lived. Maria Aurore died on 25 December 1821 when her granddaughter George Sand was seventeen. The reconstruction of the Schloss Ehrenburg, burned in 1690, in the Baroque style eventually led to the ruin of the finances of the Principality, which could not be prevented by the minting of inferior coins.

Born in Canada. [1], In 1698, the Countess sent him to his father in Warsaw. Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld,, States and territories established in 1680, 1596 establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 1633 disestablishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 1680 establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 1735 disestablishments in the Holy Roman Empire, Articles with German-language sources (de), Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Bavaria articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1596–1633 Johann Casimir (1564–1633), alone, 1735–1745 Christian Ernst, jointly with his brother, Francis Josias, This page was last edited on 23 August 2020, at 20:55. Between Bernhard I of Saxe-Meiningen and his youngest brother John Ernest IV of Saxe-Saalfeld, strife lasted for thirty-five years, ending only in 1735 with several interventions from the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles VI, in Vienna. He led the French force which captured Brussels and it was under his orders that Marshal Löwendahl captured Bergen op Zoom. His rule initially fell to his brother, John William, who had participated in the Reichsexekution on the side of Augustus, Elector of Saxony, but it was returned, in the Erfurter Teilung (“Erfurter Division”) of 1572, to the sons of John Frederick. In 1747, he was able to anchor his birthright (primogeniture) in the Line of Succession Laws and confer it on his rapidly growing family for the long-term survival of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Saxe-Coburg 1681–1735. [10], Saxe's Lettres et mémoires choisis appeared in 1794. He then accompanied his father to Pomerania, and in 1712 he took part in the Battle of Gadebusch. For this reason, Queen Victoria's eldest son Edward VII belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (the family name of his father Prince Albert). Discover the real story, facts, and details of Cooper Andrews. The administration of Saxe-Gotha was undertaken by his eldest son, Frederick I, at the request of his father, together with his six other brothers. Duke Johann Ernest of Saxe-Saalfeld died in 1729. He himself won the last success of the war in capturing Maastricht in 1748.

He based his life on the customs of his royal and princely contemporaries and tried to imitate their households on a smaller scale in Coburg. De Saxe became a Marshal and even Marshal General of France. Singer Born in Canada #39. Pop Singers. In the War of the Austrian Succession he took command of an army division sent to invade Austria in 1741, and on 19 November 1741, surprised Prague during the night, and seized it before the garrison was aware of the presence of an enemy, a coup de main which made him famous throughout Europe; he thus repeated the exploit of 1648 of his maternal great-grandfather, Hans Christoff von Königsmarck. The producer then invited him to save some of his work.

The Principality consisted of the southern and western parts of Thuringia, including the cities of Eisenach, Gotha and Hildburghausen. Justin Bieber. JP Saxe Fans Also Viewed . His plans to raise the Gymnasium Casimirianum to the rank of university failed because of the tight finances. Under the reign of John Casimir, there was a building boom in Coburg. Upon his return to the camp of the Allies at the beginning of 1710, Maurice displayed a courage so impetuous that Prince Eugene admonished him to not confuse rashness with valour. [1], On 12 March 1714, a marriage was arranged between him and one of the richest of his father's subjects, Countess Johanna Viktoria Tugendreich von Loeben, but he dissipated her fortune so rapidly that he was soon heavily in debt. KarinaOMG. In 1725, he entered negotiations for election as Duke of Courland, at the insistence of the Duchess Anna Ivanovna, who offered him her hand. A proposal at the end of the campaign to send him to a Jesuit college in Brussels was dropped due to the protests of his mother. Since Maurice had also given her more serious grounds of complaint against him, he consented to an annulment of the marriage on 21 March 1721.[1]. [4] During the battle, he was unable to sit on horseback due to edema, and was carried about in a wicker chariot. One of the guardians for the sons was the enemy of their father, Augustus, Elector of Saxony, who supervised their education and who, for his own reasons, began in Coburg a corrupt Regency with Saxon officials from his Electorate. Selena Gomez. Explore Cooper Andrews's biography, personal life, family and real age. Above all, he established as the nucleus of Coburger government an administrative apparatus that would survive for a long time after his death and through many wars and political upheavals. After capturing the fortress of Eger (Cheb) on 19 April 1742, he received a leave of absence, and went to Russia to push his claims for the Duchy of Courland, but returned to his command after getting nowhere. In 1753, it grew with the one-third of the Duchy of Saxe-Römhild, which had expired with the death of its only Duke, the childless Henry, Duke of Saxe-Römhild. In 1748 she gave birth to a daughter, the last of Maurice's several illegitimate children. The principalities of Altenburg and Coburg were ruled in personal union by the Duke but they maintained their own state authorities. Edward VII's son George V became the second king of that dynasty when he succeeded to the throne in 1910. [1], In manhood, Maurice bore a strong resemblance to his father, both physically and in character. In 1745, Francis Josias inherited parts of Saxe-Coburg from his brother. His letters to his sister Anna Karolina Orzelska, the Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, preserved at Strasbourg, were destroyed by the bombardment of that place in 1870. Pop Singer. [7] In one sense, Mes Rêveries followed this by subjecting "military affairs to reasoned criticism and intellectual treatment, and the ensuing military doctrines were perceived as forming a definitive system. The Baroque Prince, Duke Albert, died in 1699 without any surviving descendants. [9], However, Mes Rêveries also challenged French military orthodoxy in arguing for a greater focus on mobile warfare, rather than fortifications; this was partly a legacy of Vauban (1633-1707), who had revolutionised this field but adherence to his principles meant French engineers became ultra-conservative.

This was followed by the usual inheritance disputes. [1], Saxe's exploits were the sole redeeming feature in an unsuccessful campaign, and on 26 March 1743, his merits were rewarded by promotion to Marshal of France. [1], sfn error: no target: CITEREF1911_Encyclopædia_Britannica (, Magdalene Sibylle of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, Margaret of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg, Child of Chequer'd Fortune: The Life, Loves and Battles of Maurice de Saxe,, French military personnel of the War of the Austrian Succession, Military personnel of the Holy Roman Empire, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 13. The name Saxe-Coburg-Gotha came into the British Royal Family in 1840 with the marriage of Queen Victoria to Prince Albert, son of Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha. The son of Augustus II the Strong, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony, he initially served in the Army of the Holy Roman Empire, then the Imperial Army before finally entering French service. The second daughter, Catherine of Henneberg, was awarded the southeastern part of the Coburgish land. When Henry IV, Count of Henneberg – Schleusingen, died in 1347, the possessions of the House of Henneberg – Schleusingen were divided between his widow, Jutta of Brandenburg-Salzwedel, and Henry's younger brother, John, and Jutta was given the so-called “neues Herrschaft” ("new lordship"), with Coburg among other properties. He was the first of eight extramarital children whom August acknowledged, although as many as 354 are claimed by sources, including Wilhelmine of Bayreuth, to have existed. At the age of 17 in 1713 he commanded his own regiment of the Royal Saxon Army. Afterwards, his sons Christian Ernest II and Francis Josias ruled the country together but in different residences.

During this time, the Coburger Land was hit hard by the Thirty Years War as the staging area for numerous armies. [5] Besides Fontenoy he added Rocoux (1746) and Lawfeldt or Val (1747) to the list of French victories.

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