Berlin, Vienna, and Austria were also each divided into four occupation zones. The main aim of the conference was to implement the agreement reached during the Yalta Conference. Potsdam Conference, (July 17–August 2, 1945), Allied conference of World War II held at Potsdam, a suburb of Berlin. Its policies were dictated by the “five Ds” decided upon at Yalta: demilitarization, denazification, democratization, decentralization, and deindustrialization. Despite agreeing at Yalta that free elections would be held in Eastern Europe after the defeat of Nazi Germany, there was little evidence at Potsdam that Stalin intended to allow them. Question: Why did the Potsdam Conference further increase tensions? Harry S. Truman (centre) shaking hands with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (left) and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin on the opening day of the Potsdam Conference. There was already no love lost between the Soviet and the other Allies; and the Potsdam Conference brought this to a peak. The Potsdam Declaration On July 26, while at the Potsdam Conference, Churchill, Truman, and Nationalist Chinese leader Chiang Kai-Shek issued the Potsdam Declaration which outlined the terms of surrender for Japan. The main objective of the Potsdam Conference was to finalise a post-war settlement and put into action all the things agreed at Yalta. In fact the, was in control of Poland and the USSR was in the process of setting up a. Truman had automatically succeeded to the Presidency as he was Vice President when Franklin D Roosevelt died on 12 April 1945, just weeks before the end of World War Two. More.. Why Did Tension Between Soviet And The West Increased After The Potsdam Conference ? The conferees discussed the substance and procedures of the peace settlements in Europe but did not attempt to write peace treaties. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Winston Churchill, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin during the Potsdam Conference. The Potsdam Conference attended by Britain, the US, France and Soviet Union was called to decide how to divide the territory of Germany, who had been defeated. So, Truman went ahead with matters as advised by his advisors. Any official that wanted to suggest cooperation with the Russians or increase trade with the Russians was marginalized. The protocols of the Potsdam Conference suggested continued harmony among the Allies, but the deeply conflicting aims of the Western democracies on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other in fact meant that Potsdam was to be the last Allied summit conference. The Germans had laid down the arm on 7th and 8th May 1945 and conference was held in July. However, with Roosevelt's demise, the office was taken over by Harry S. Truman. Poland’s boundary became the Oder and Neisse rivers in the west, and the country received part of former East Prussia. However, Truman had not been particularly close to Roosevelt and had even been unaware of the Manhattan Project (the scheme developing the USA’s nuclear weapons). Unfortunately, the new US president did not know the agreement that President Roosevelt had agreed with the Soviet Union. While in Potsdam, Truman told Stalin about the United States’ “new weapon” (the atomic bomb) that it intended to use against Japan. The next meeting of the Big Three took place in July 1945 at Potsdam, just outside Berlin. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It was during this conference that major differences between the Soviet and other western nations emerged. At Potsdam, Truman chose to inform Stalin that the US possessed, a new weapon of unusual destructive force. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Little real progress was made at Potsdam beyond an agreement to put into action the commitments made at Yalta. Despite agreeing at Yalta that free elections would be held in Eastern Europe after the defeat of Nazi Germany, there was little evidence at Potsdam that Stalin intended to allow them. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Since the 1960s, it has been widely accepted that Truman’s attitude to communism was in part responsible for how the Cold War proceeded at the end of 1945. The meeting at Potsdam was the third conference between the leaders of the Big Three nations. The main aim of the conference was to implement the agreement reached during the Yalta Conference. at their test site in the New Mexico desert. This remained a source of disagreement, with the Western Allies worried that they were repeating the mistakes of the Treaty of Versailles after World War One. Potsdam Conference: The Potsdam Conference was a summit held in Potsdam, Germany at the end of World War II. Each Allied power was to seize reparations from its own occupation zones, although the Soviet Union was permitted 10–15 percent of the industrial equipment in the western zones of Germany in exchange for agricultural and other natural products from its zone. Although Stalin already knew details about the Manhattan Project through his spy networks, he was able to complain at this treatment and the fact that there were secrets between supposed Allies. Europe – what was happening where East met West? The Potsdam Conference, 1945. Focus on Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the USA (1945-53). This necessitated moving millions of Germans in those areas to Germany. It was attended by the Soviet, U.S., and British heads of government and foreign ministers: respectively, Stalin…, …forces surrendered, he met at Potsdam, Germany, with Stalin and Churchill (who was succeeded at the conference by Clement Attlee) to discuss future operations against Japan and a peace settlement for Europe. Although Stalin already knew details about the Manhattan Project through his spy networks, he was able to complain at this treatment and the fact that there were secrets between supposed Allies. The Potsdam Conference held between 17th July and 2nd August 1945 was attended by the heads of state of the UK, the US, France and the USSR. The Soviet Union was represented by Joseph Stalin, Britain by Winston Churchill, and the United States by President Harry S. Truman. In the midst of the conference, however, the British electorate rejected Churchill at the polls, and the Labour Party leader Clement Attlee replaced him in the councils of the great. Another outcome of this conference was that the growing tension between the US, the UK and the USSR increased. The US President, Franklin D Roosevelt, had died and been replaced by his Vice-President, Harry S Truman. At Yalta in February 1945, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, American President Franklin D Roosevelt and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin had agreed to meet again following the defeat of Germany, principally to determine the borders of post-war Europe. Just before the Conference began, on 16 July 1945, the USA had successfully exploded an atomic bomb at their test site in the New Mexico desert.
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