This doesn't quite look like horseweed, given the smooth leaf edges. Cultivated varieties don't necessarily enjoy the widespread hardiness of their wild counterparts. Native people once pulverized the young tops and leaves and ate them raw (similar to using an onion). A single ragweed plant produces up to 1 billion pollen grains. Goldenrod (Solidago L.) and ragweed (Ambrosia L.) are familiar plants to allergy sufferers. The flowers of ragweed are green to yellow and appear in smaller formations on branched stems. It establishes in areas where the natural vegetation has been disturbed. Each head contains about 20 disc florets. Usually a single main stem branches out from the upper half of the plant. Horseweed, also called mare's tail, is a summer annual or biennial broadleaf plant. Lower leaves are short stalked and often have bristly hairs. The flowers typically bloom in June and can last until September. Selected because they exhibit sought-after characteristics such as seasonal color or prominent flowers, or because they fill a need in less than ideal growing situations, goldenrod cultivars can help round out a naturalized garden. There are several to many horizontal branches, the upper sides of which carry numerous, densely-crowded small … Often found growing side by side, goldenrod's showy flowers stand out against ragweed's pale blooms, causing it to be unfairly blamed for most pollen allergens. Ragweed grows 1 to 5 feet tall, and goldenrod grows 1 to 4 feet tall. You could let one or more of them go to flower and send us a photo again when it is in bloom. Both plants are members of the Asteraceae family and are distributed throughout the United States and Canada in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 1 through 11. Mature plants grow erect and can grow up to almost 2 metres tall. Goldenrod pollen is large in size and is meant to be carried by pollinators, whereas ragweed produces a greater amount of small-grained pollen meant to be carried by the wind. United States Department of Agriculture Plants Database: Solidago L. United States Department of Agriculture Plants Database: Ambrosia L. Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America: Ragweed Allergy, University of Minnesota Extension; Goldenrod and Ragweed; Beth R. Jarvis; October 2008, United States Department of Agriculture Plants Database: Solidago Albopilosa. As you might expect, choose tall straight plants, let dry, remove leaves, and you’re ready. The web of life is extremely elastic, and when pressure is applied in one area, adjustments occur in … Both goldenrod and ragweed favor habitats in woodlands, roadside ditches and fallow fields. Please click here for more information. Ask an Expert is made up of groups and individual experts. The first is possibly horseweed. It might be a type of goldenrod (Solidago sp.). While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Horseweed prefers full sun and is drought resistant. Actually too fragile to be used with a bow, it works very will using the hand method. Although native to Canada and the US horseweed can be found in Europe, eastern Russia, parts of Siberia, Central Asia, Iran, Mongolia, Japan, China, and Australia. You could let one or more of them go to flower and send us a photo again when it is in bloom. Although it likes fertile soil, it grows in all soil conditions. Cutting the main stem of horseweed can lead to the growth of several basal branches. I have had it come up as a garden bed weed around here. I thought this was some kind of goldenrod so let it grow amongst other plants in a pollinator garden Bookmark. Both goldenrod and ragweed can be found blooming during the late summer, when hay fever allergies are common. University of Florida IFAS Extension; Ragweed vs. Goldenrod; Alicia R. Lamborn; 2010, Iowa State University Extension News; Goldenrod Falsely Accused; Linda Naee; 2007. Based in Santa Fe, New Mexico, Danielle Simmons has been a freelance writer since 2005. Both plants are members of the Asteraceae family and are distributed throughout the United States and Canada in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 1 through 11. In traditional North American herbal medicine, horseweed was boiled to make steam for sweat lodges, taken as a snuff to stimulate sneezing during the course of a cold and burned to create a smoke that warded off insects. The ray florets are short. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Thanks! Blooming in the late summer and early fall, both plants have a reputation for causing hay fever. The leaves are a good source of calcium and potassium and well as protein. Leaves are smaller higher up on the stem. It prefers fields, pastures, vacant lots, and roadsides. Identification, health, Ragweed stems are purple and green in color and are hairy and branched, while goldenrod has a single green stem with no branching. The stem and branches are covered with short, bristly hairs. The leaves are alternate, oblong to lance-shaped measuring 2 to 10 cm long. Oh, I wasn't critisising anyone here. Luckily for allergy sufferers, the differences between goldenrod and ragweed are easy to identify. Goldenrod flowers grow as an inflorescence in a broad or occasionally narrow pyramidal panicle. Mature plants grow erect and can grow up to almost 2 metres tall. The middle and upper leaves measure up to 8cm long and are 1cm wide and they are stalkless with smooth margins. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and This doesn't quite look like horseweed, given the smooth leaf edges. Young leaves are edible. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. Goldenrod flowers are bright yellow and grow in large masses resting on single stems. Goldenrod features smooth, unlobed leaves, while ragweed leaves are smooth with deep lobes. Several cultivars of goldenrod are available from nurseries or seed companies for gardens and wildflower plantings. Goldenrod flowers contain nectar to attract pollinators, while ragweed flowers don't contain nectar, depending primarily on the wind for pollination. The wind carries ragweed pollen so well that it has been found 400 miles out to sea and 2 miles up in the atmosphere. Both plants have alternately positioned leaves. But, this is an interesting example of how the best laid plans of mice and men are often thwarted. The second one is different and looks like goldenrod. Post #4838348. Just wanted to verify that this is horseweed as the extension site indicates that horseweed has toothed leaves (see https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/horseweed) This plant fits the description except the leaves are smooth. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Simmons' articles have appeared in National Geographic's "The Green Guide," "Alternatives" magazine and "The Frugal Environmentalist.". They can be anywhere from 5 to 40 cm (2 to 16") high and nearly as wide. "Goldrush" (Solidago cutleri "Goldrush") and "Golden Fleece" (Solidago sphacelata "Golden Fleece") are suitable for USDA zones 4 through 9, and "Fireworks" (Solidago rugosa "Fireworks") is hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. In-depth wild edible PDFs. I love this forum. Seventy-five percent of Americans who are allergic to plant pollens are allergic to ragweed pollen. ckc This plants can grow anywhere between 8 cm and 180cm tall. The young seedlings are also edible. Alaskabound Plano, TX Apr 21, 2008. Horseweed is a profusely branched and leafy annual plant. The stem and branches are covered with short, bristly hairs. Quote. This plant has numerous flower heads that measure 3 to 5mm across and are crowded into branched terminal clusters. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. This plant is a strong competitor for water and is a huge nuisance for farmers. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in environmental economics and management with a minor in journalism and a Master of Arts in art therapy/counseling. Flower heads are composed of white ray and yellow disc florets. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Crushed leaves and stems have a carrot-like scent. Horseweed appears just here or there in most gardens and is easily controlled by pulling. The leaves are best dried and stored for later use to help flavour meals (flavour is similar to tarragon). It is found throughout California to about 6600 feet (2000 m) and inhabits agricultural land, disturbed managed sites, and landscaped areas. Each species differs greatly in distribution, with some species appearing in only a single state or territory. Horseweed is a profusely branched and leafy annual plant. For example, whitehair goldenrod (Solidago albopilosa) occurs only in Kentucky. The flowers will help with identification. Conyza canadensis (formerly Erigeron canadensis L.) is an annual plant native throughout most of North America and Central America. The flowers will help with identification.ckc. The horseweed is also one of the best, if not the best local material for a drill when making fire with friction. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, there are 75 species of goldenrod and 20 species of ragweed distributed throughout the United States and Canada. I just want to verify before I start pulling it all out of my yard. Crushed leaves and stems have a carrot-like scent. It might be a type of goldenrod (Solidago sp.). Usually a single main stem branches out from the upper half of the plant. Click. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! Goldenrod (Solidago L.) and ragweed (Ambrosia L.) are familiar plants to allergy sufferers.